Introduction to Nursing

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Chapter 1 : Introduction to Nursing

Nursing:  Introduction arrow_upward

  • Nursing as a science is defined as the scientific knowledge and skills in assisting individual to achieve optimal health
  • Nursing is the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery
  • Patient safety is the cornerstone of high-quality health care
  • Nurses are critical to the surveillance and coordination that reduce adverse outcomes such as mortality and morbidity
  • Nursing is the use of clinical judgment in the provision of care to enable people:
    • To improve, maintain, or recover health
    • To cope with health problems
    • To achieve the best possible quality of life whatever their disease or disability, until death

    Purpose of Nursing arrow_upward

  • Following are the purpose of nursing:
    • To promote and maintain health
    • To care for people when their health is compromised
    • To assist recovery
    • To facilitate independence
    • To improve, maintain quality of life

    Areas of Nursing Practice arrow_upward

  • Following are the four major areas of nursing practice:
    • Promoting health and wellness
    • Preventing illness
    • Restoring health
    • Caring of the person, who is at the stage of dying

    Promoting Health and Wellness arrow_upward

  • Wellness means engaging in attitudes and behavior that enhance the quality of life and maximize personal potential
  • Nurses promote wellness in clients who are both healthy and ill

  • Activities to Prevent illness arrow_upward

  • Nursing activities that prevent illness include
    • Immunizations
    • Prenatal and infant care
    • Prevention of sexually transmitted disease

    Restoring Health arrow_upward

  • Nursing focuses on the ill client and it extends from early detection of disease through helping the client during the recovery period

  • Care of the Dying arrow_upward

  • This area involves comforting and caring for people of all ages who are dying
    • Helping clients to live as comfortable as possible until death
    • Helping support person to cope up with death

    Nursing Activities arrow_upward

  • Nursing activities include the following:
    • Providing direct care to the ill person, such as:
    • Administering medications
    • Baths
    • Specific procedures
    • Treatments
    •  Performing diagnostic and assessment procedures, such as:
    • Measuring blood pressure
    • Examining feces for occult blood
    • Consulting with other health care professionals about client problems
    • Teaching clients about recovery activities, such as exercises that will accelerate recovery after a stroke
    • Rehabilitating clients to their optimal functional level following:
    • Physical or mental illness
    • Injury
    • Chemical addiction

    Roles and Functions of a Nurse arrow_upward

  • A nurse is a person formally educated and trained in the care of the sick or disabled.
  • Following are the roles and responsibilities of a nurse:
    • Care Provider
    • Communicator
    • Teacher
    • Counselor
    • Client Advocate
    • Changing Agent
    • Researcher
    • Collaborator

    Care Provider arrow_upward

  • The nurse supports the client by attitudes and actions that show concern for client welfare and acceptance of the client as a person
  • The nurse is primarily concerned with the client’s needs
  • Nurse provides direct care and promotes comfort of client

  • Communicator arrow_upward

  • The nurse communicates with clients, support persons and colleagues to facilitate all nursing actions

  • Teacher arrow_upward

  • Nurse provides information and helps the client to learn or acquire new knowledge and technical skills
    • Encourages compliance with prescribed therapy
    • Promotes healthy lifestyle
    • Interprets information to the client

    Counselor arrow_upward

  • The nurse helps the client to recognize and cope with the stressful psychological or social problems, to develop improved personal relationships and to promote personal growth.

  • Client Advocate arrow_upward

  • Nurse promotes what is best for the client, ensuring that the client’s needs are met and protecting the client’s right.
  • Nurse provides explanation in clients’ language and support clients decisions.

  • Changing Agent arrow_upward

  • The nurse initiates changes and assist the client to make modifications in the lifestyle to promote health.

  • Researcher arrow_upward

  • The nurse participates in scientific investigation and uses research findings in practice.

  • Collaborator arrow_upward

  • The nurse works in a combined effort with all those involved in care delivery, for a mutually acceptable plan to be obtained that will achieve common goals.

  • Total Quality Management in Nursing Care arrow_upward

  • Quality assurance provides the mechanisms to effectively monitor patient care provided by health care professionals using cost-effective resources
  • Nursing programs of quality assurance are concerned with the quantitative assessment of nursing care.
  • Quality assurance system motivates nurses to strive for excellence in delivering quality care.
  • It also helps them to be more open and flexible in experimenting with innovative ways to change outmoded systems

  • Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward

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