Hepatitis E

Content "filtered", Please subscribe for FULL access.

Chapter 7 : Hepatitis E

Topics covered in this snack-sized chapter:

Hepatitis E arrow_upward

  • Hepatitis E (HEV) was not recognized as a distinct human disease until 1980.
  • Hepatitis E is caused by infection with the hepatitis E virus, a non-enveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus.
  • Although man is considered the natural host for HEV, antibodies to HEV or closely related viruses have been detected in primates and several other animal species.

  • Symptoms arrow_upward

  • Symptoms of hepatitis E include:
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Abdominal pain:
    • Upper abdominal pain usually right upper abdominal pain
    • Abdominal tenderness:
    • Right upper abdominal tenderness
    • Fatigue
    • Malaise
    • Fever
    • Itching
    • Indigestion
    • Jaundice
    • Yellow skin and eyes
    • Brown or dark urine
    • Abnormal stool:
    • Clay or light colored stool
    • Body aches
    • Muscle aches
    • Joint pains
    • Unintentional weight loss
    • Generalized weakness

    Causes arrow_upward

  • The mode of transmission of HEV is feco-oral.
  • Hepatitis E develops when one consumes or drinks something that is contaminated with the feces of a person infected with the virus.
  • The infection is extremely common in areas where there is poor hygiene and sanitation and when people do not follow optimal personal cleanliness.

  • Transmission arrow_upward

  • Transmission of the hepatitis E virus generally occurs when someone ingests water that is contaminated with the fecal matter – even just microscopic traces – of an infected person.
  • Major outbreaks typically happen in regions of the world where sanitation is poor.
  • Few cases of hepatitis E have resulted from person-to-person contact, and there is no evidence that the virus can be spread through sexual activity.
  • Transmission via blood is rare.

  • Prevention arrow_upward

  • There is no vaccination for hepatitis E.
  • Prevention of hepatitis E is directed towards avoiding contaminated water in countries where the virus is found.
  • Prevention during travel to those countries includes:
    • Wash your hands after using the toilet.
    • Do not drink unpasteurized milk.
    • Do not share food utensils.
    • Wash your hands after handling raw meat, seafood, or poultry.
    • Make sure all meat, poultry and fish products are well cooked.
    • Avoid beverages made with ice
    • Avoid uncooked food
    • Do not brush teeth with tap water
    • Do not drink tap water, including ice
    • Wash hands thoroughly after using the bathroom

    Treatments arrow_upward

  • Treatment options for hepatitis E include:
    • Medications to control nausea and vomiting:
    • Metoclopramide (Reglan)
    • Acetaminophen may be used for pain and fever control:
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra, Feverall)
    • Oral rehydration:
    • Intravenous rehydration may be necessary if vomiting is severe
    • Liver disease diet:
    • Only necessary when there is evidence for liver failure
    • Low protein diet
    • Low fat diet
    • Avoidance of medications that could accumulate in the liver
    • Antihistamine for itching:
    • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
    • Antihistamine for itching:
    • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
    • Vitamin B supplements:
    • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
    • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
    • Vitamin B3 (niacin)
    • Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
    • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
    • Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
    • Hepatitis A immunization
    • Hepatitis B immunization
    • Liver transplant for liver failure

    Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward

  • Please email us at Admin@Kimavi.com and help us improve this tutorial.

  • Mark as Complete => Receive a Certificate in Hepatitis-101

    Kimavi Logo

    Terms and conditions, privacy and cookie policy

    Kimavi @ YouTube | Email Admin @ Kimavi | Visit TheCodex.Me

    Beautiful Educational Videos for School, College, Languages & Encyclopedia

    Learn Python with 500,000 students

    Created with Love