First Aid Introduction



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Chapter 1 : First Aid Introduction



First Aid: Introduction arrow_upward


  • First Aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury.
  • Injury is any damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
  • Unintentional injury is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States.
  • The first few minutes after an injury or sudden illness are crucial.
  • Any delay in starting treatment can cost a human life.
  • First Aid is the assistance or treatment given to a casualty for any injury or sudden illness before professional medical help can be provided.
  • First Aid may involve improvising with facilities and materials available at the time.
  • First Aid is not medical treatment, and cannot be compared with what a doctor would do.
  • The need for people with first aid skills is absolutely critical in decreasing the permanent damage or death to the victim.
  • It simply involves making common sense decisions that will help the injured person until medical help.
  • First Aid includes:
    • Well-selected words of encouragement.
    • Evidence of willingness to help.
    • Promotion of confidence by demonstration of competence.

    Objectives of First Aid arrow_upward


  • Saving life.
  • Stabilizing the condition of victim.
  • Minimizing late complication.
  • Preparing the victim for evacuation and evacuating him with skill and dispatch.

  • Why Learn About First Aid? arrow_upward


  • The knowledge of first aid, when properly applied, can mean the difference between:
    • Temporary or permanent injury.
    • Rapid recovery or long-term disability.
    • Life and death.
  • Learning about first aid gives to you the confidence to not react in shock when emergency arises but act as necessary to help the patient.
  • Knowledge of first aid helps you stay safe.

  • Value of First Aid Training arrow_upward


  • First Aid training is important in both preventing and treating sudden illness and accidental injury and in caring for large numbers of persons caught in a natural disaster.

  • Self-Help

  • As a first-aider, you are better able to care for yourself in case of injury or sudden illness.

  • Help for Others

  • You are prepared to give others some instruction in first aid, to promote among them a reasonable safety attitude, and to assist them wisely if they are stricken.

  • Preparation for Disaster

  • First Aid training is of particular importance in case of any disaster, when medical and hospital services are limited or delayed.

  • Safety Awareness

  • First Aid training helps you to develop safety awareness and habits that promote safety at home, at work, during recreation, and on the streets and highways.

  • Importance of First Aider arrow_upward


  • The person giving first aid, the first-aider, deals with the whole situation, the injured person, and the injury or illness.
  • First Aider helps:
    • To save life.
    • To prevent an injury or illness from worsening.
    • To help speed recovery.

    First Aider Protocol arrow_upward


  • Gain permission if the victim is conscious.
  • Act reasonably within the scope of your training.
  • Continue until someone more qualified takes over, unless you are at risk or exhausted.

  • Rescue Elements arrow_upward


  • When dealing with the immediate scene, first aider should:
    • Recognize
    • Identify when someone is hurt, sick or in a dangerous situation.
    • Observe the circumstances of an emergency and monitor the situation.
    • Assess
    • Search for clues to help you decide what to do.
    • Look around, ask questions, check vital signs, evaluate signs and symptoms, and complete a head-to-toe examination.
    • ¬†Act
    • Action is determined by the assessment.
    • Treating injuries is one response, but action can also refer to removing hazards, directing bystanders, and calling for help.

    Protect-Examine-Alert arrow_upward


  • First Aider must assess the situation and
    • Protect,
    • Examine,
    • Alert.
  • Performing these three steps actually means providing First Aid.

  • Protect

  • Protect yourself and the injured person.
  • Avoid another accident by eliminating the cause:
    • Turn-off the electricity to equipment.
    • Have someone control traffic.
    • Keep bystanders away from the scene of the accident.
    • Extinguish fire if possible without putting yourself in danger.

  • Protect yourself against blood borne pathogens (AIDS, Hepatitis)

  • Examine the Victim

  • Look for severe external bleeding.
  • Check for responsiveness and unconsciousness.
  • Check for breathing.
  • Check for circulation.

  • Alert

  • Call for assistance or have someone alert the emergency medical service rapidly.
  • Always provide:
    • Exact location or address of the accident or incident
    • Telephone number where you can be called
    • How many people are involved
    • Nature of injuries (fractures, burns)
    • Indication of the seriousness of the injuries (breathing or not, etc.)
    • What first aid has been given

    First Aid Principles arrow_upward


  • Do not harm:
    • Do not harm does not mean do nothing
    • The wisdom is know what to do and what NOT to do
    • Provide comfort and assurance to the casualty
    • Use treatment you know of that are most likely to benefit a casualty
  • First Aid is not an exact science and is open to error:
    • First aid is practiced by people from all walks of life
    • Therefore there are great variations in terms of methods and practice
    • A casualty may not respond as you hoped no matter how good and how hard you try
    • If you have done best, your conscience should be clear
  • First Aid is about putting first things first:
    • Get your priority right
    • If there are too many injuries in a casualty, treat the most urgent first
    • The first get our priority right is to know and recognize what is an emergency and what is not an emergency
  • Safety:
    • Safety is of utmost importance in first aid.


    Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward


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