Vowel and Consonant

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Chapter 7 : Vowel and Consonant

Vowel and Consonant arrow_upward

  • Understanding of vowels and consonants is important for correct spelling.
  • It helps in better understanding of sounds of English.

  • Vowels arrow_upward

  • A vowel is any sound with no audible noise produced by constriction in the vocal tract.
  • 5 letters (a, e, i, o, u) always represent a vowel.
  • Open sound.
  • Usually found in the middle of words
  • Uppercase Vowels:
    • A
    • E
    • I
    • O
    • U
  • Lowercase Vowels:
    • a
    • e
    • i
    • o
    • u

    Consonants arrow_upward

  • A consonant is a sound with audible noise produced by a constriction.
  • Closed sound.
  • There will be more than one in a word (in most cases).
  • There are 21 letters (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z) which always represent a consonant.
  • Uppercase Consonants:
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z
  • Lowercase Consonants:
    • b
    • c
    • d
    • f
    • g
    • h
    • j
    • k
    • l
    • m
    • n
    • p
    • q
    • r
    • s
    • t
    • v
    • w
    • x
    • y
    • z

    Consonant Sounds arrow_upward

  • b as in bat, sob, cubby
  • d as in date, hid, ado
  • g as in gas, lag, ragged
  • p as in pet, tap, repeat
  • t as in tap, pet, attack
  • k as in king, pick, picking
  • s as in soft, miss
  • z as in zoo, as

  • Short Vowels arrow_upward

  • i as in bit
  • u as in put

  • Long Vowels arrow_upward

  • ei as in bait
  • ai as in bite
  • oi as in boy
  • uw or u  as in boot

  • Rules about Long Vowels arrow_upward

  • When two vowels are together such as a double o (oo), the long vowel sound u is used.
    • Zoom
  • This can also be used with (ee) to make the long vowel e sound and so on.
    • Deep
  • In most cases when there is an e at the end of a word the vowel in the middle of the word, it will have a long vowel sound.
    • Dance

    Understanding Vowels and Consonants for Spelling arrow_upward

  • For better spelling, it is important to know the difference between vowel sounds and consonant sounds.
  • But the important thing is the sound, not the letter.
  • Often the letter and the sound are the same, but not always
  • For example, the word "pay" ends with:
    • The consonant letter "y"
    • The vowel sound "a"
  • Here are some more examples:

  • though


    ends with the letter



    ends with the sound





    begins with the letter



    begins with the sound



    Linking Consonant to Vowel arrow_upward

  • When a word ends in a consonant sound, we often move the consonant sound to the beginning of the next word if it starts with a vowel sound.
  • Remember that it's the sound that matters.
  • In the below example, "have" ends with
    • The letter "e" (vowel)
    • The sound "v" (consonant)
    • So we link "have" to the next word "a" which begins with a vowel sound:

    We write it like this

    Can I have a bit of egg?

    We say it like this


    Linking Vowel to Vowel arrow_upward

  • When one word ends with a vowel sound and the next word begins with a vowel sound, we link the words with a sort of W or Y sound.
  • If our lips are round at the end of the first word, we insert a W sound.

  • We write it like this

    Who is

    We say it like this

    Who Wis

    Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward

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