Special Words



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Chapter 9 : Special Words



Special Words and Word Types arrow_upward


  • To spell correctly you must learn to understand type of words and understand their importance.

  • Compound Words arrow_upward


  • A compound word is made when two words are joined to form a new word.
  • Compound words are made by writing two small words together to make one larger word.

  • First Word

    Second Word

    Compound Word

    News

    Paper

    Newspaper

    Hand

    Shake

    Handshake

    Eye

    Brow

    Eyebrow

    Lady

    Finger

    Ladyfinger

    Thumb

    Print

    Thumbprint

    Some

    Body

    Somebody



    Root Words arrow_upward


  • A root word is the root, or beginning word, from which another word is made.
  • Play is the root word of plays, played and playing.

  • Root Word

    Meaning

    Example

    Act

    Do, Move

    Action, Activity

    Auto

    Self

    Automobile, Automatic

    Under

    Below, too little

    Underground, Undersized

    Post

    After

    Postscript, Postpone

    Semi

    Half

    Semifinal, Semicircle

    Vita

    Life

    Vital, Vitamins



    Derived Words arrow_upward


  • Derived words are words that come from other words.
    • Suitable is derived from suit.
    • Advertisement from advertise.
  • Sometimes the spelling of the root word is slightly changed in the derived word

  • Simple Words

    Derived Words

    Image

    Imagination

    Publish

    Publication

    Select

    Selection

    Inform

    Information

    Test

    Testing

    Market

    Marketing



    Synonym Words arrow_upward


  • Synonyms are different words with almost identical or similar meanings.
  • A synonym is a word having almost the same meaning as another word.

  • Words

    Synonym Words

    Beautiful

    Pretty, Attractive, Lovely

    Cool

    Chill, Cold, Frigid

    Funny

    Humorous, Comical, Laughable

    Happy

    Pleased, Glad, Joyful

    New

    Fresh, Recent, Original

    Stop

    Halt, Pause, End



    Antonym Words arrow_upward


  • An Antonym is a word that is opposite in meaning to another word.
  • A word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word, in that case the two words are antonyms of each other.

  • Words

    Antonym Words

    Cheap

    Expensive

    Hard

    Easy

    Inside

    Outside

    Strong

    Weak

    Full

    Empty

    Single

    Married



    Homonym Words arrow_upward


  • Homonyms are words that are pronounced alike but which are spelled in different ways and have different meanings.
  • Homonyms generally include two categories of word types:
  • Homographs are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings.
  • Homophones are words that sound the same when you pronounce them but have different meanings.

  • Homonyms Words 1

    Homonyms Words 2

    Word

    Meaning

    Word

    Meaning

    Affect

    Change

    Effect

    Result or consequence

    Complement

    Enhance; go together

    Compliment

    Praise

    Dear

    Darling

    Deer

    Woodland animal

    Rose

    Flower

    Rows

    Lines

    Weak

    Not strong

    Week

    Period of seven days

    Brake

    Stop pedal

    Break

    Smash



    Dictionary of Words arrow_upward


  • Contains definitions and pronunciations.
  • Collection of words in one or more specific languages.

  • Thesaurus of Words arrow_upward


  • A thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning.
  • Contains synonyms.
  • May contain antonyms.


  • Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward


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