Infection Prevention

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Chapter 2 : Infection Prevention

Infection Prevention arrow_upward

  • Consider every person (client or staff) infectious.

  • Standard Precautions arrow_upward

  • Apply routinely to all patients in the health care setting regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status.
  • Are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of micro- organisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in health organizations

  • Hand hygiene arrow_upward

  • Alcohol based hand rubs are the gold standard for hand hygiene in health care (unless hands are visibly soiled).

  • IP: Handwashing arrow_upward

  • Handwashing may be the single most important procedure in preventing infection.
  • Wash hands:
    • Before and after examining any client (direct contact).
    • After removing gloves because gloves may have holes in them.
    • After exposure to blood or any body fluids (secretions and excretions), even if gloves were worn
  • Wash hands every time you put on & take off gloves
    • The most practical procedure for preventing cross-contamination (person to person).
  • Wear gloves
    • To touch anything wet, broken skin, muscous membranes, blood or other body fluids (secretions or excretions) or soiled instruments/linens
  • Use physical barriers (protective goggles, face masks and aprons) if splashes and spills of any body fluids (secretions or excretions) are anticipated.

  • IP: protective barriers arrow_upward

  • Wear gloves:
    • When performing a procedure in the clinic or operating room
    • When  handling soiled instruments, gloves and other items
    • When disposing of contaminated waste items ( cotton, gauze or dressings)
    • Wear protective goggles, face masks and aprons:
    • If splashes and spills of any body fluids

    Prevent Ebola arrow_upward

  • Formula:
    • Add 2 ml glycerine to 100 ml 60-90% alcohol solution.
    • Use 3 to 5 ml for each application and continue rubbing the solution over the hands for about 2-5 minutes, using a total of 6 to 10 ml per scrub.
  • 0.5%
    • Disinfection of body fluids;
    • Disinfection of corpses;
    • Disinfection of toilets and bathrooms;
    • Disinfection of gloved hands;
    • Disinfection floors;
    • Disinfection of beds and mattress covers;
    • Footbaths;
  • 0.05%
    • Disinfection of bare hands and skin;
    • Disinfection of medical equipment;
    • Disinfection of laundry;
    • Washing up plates and eating utensils;

    Making the correct solution CHLOROX arrow_upward

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