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Chapter 1 : Introduction

Introduction arrow_upward

  • Minerals, made of metals and other are inorganic compounds, are as essential to bodily functions as vitamins.
  • Different plants and animals absorb minerals from plants and animals.
  • Our body needs different inorganic minerals to function and sustain life.
  • To fulfill the mineral demands of our body, we make plants or animals or both, a part of our diet.
  • Our body needs larger amounts of calcium for growth, function and development.
  • Sometimes these minerals are also referred as trace minerals.
    • Calcium
    • Iron
    • Magnesium
    • Phosphorus
    • Potassium
    • Zinc
    • Chromium
    • Copper
    • Fluoride
    • Iodine
    • Manganese
    • Molybdenum

    Calcium arrow_upward

  • Calcium maintains the integrity of the skeletal system, providing strength and structure to the bones and teeth.
  • It plays a crucial role in
    • Coagulation of blood,
    • Generation and transmission of nerve impulses, the
    • Contraction of muscle fibers, and
    • The activation of various enzymes and release of some hormones that regulate digestion and metabolism
  • It is essential for wound healing and maintenance of cell membranes.

  • Iron arrow_upward

  • The body needs iron to transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body.
    • Your entire body needs oxygen to stay healthy and alive.
  • Iron is important in the formation of hemoglobin, which is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.

  • Magnesium arrow_upward

  • Magnesium is required so that the body can use other vitamins and minerals properly – Vitamin C and calcium work better.
    • For example: When there is sufficient magnesium in the body
  • Magnesium is essential for energy production, protein formation and cellular replication.
  • Magnesium works very closely with calcium to help keep bones strong throughout the life.

  • Phosphorus arrow_upward

  • Phosphorus is an essential mineral that is required by every cell in the body for normal functioning.
  • The majority of phosphorus in the body is found as phosphate (PO4).
  • Approximately 85% of the body's phosphorus is found in bone.

  • Potassium arrow_upward

  • Potassium serves as the ionic counterpart to other electrolytes like sodium and chloride, and needs a balance of these minerals for many essential body functions.
  • Studies have shown that potassium may help to prevent high blood pressure and may enhance the effect of antihypertensive medications.
  • Both physical and mental stress can lead to a deficiency in potassium.
  • Alcohol, coffee, and sugar deplete potassium levels in the body.

  • Zinc arrow_upward

  • Zinc is a constituent of many enzymes and is essential for proper functioning of various enzymes.
  • Zinc is essential for the metabolism and structural stability of nucleic acids.
  • Zinc has been associated with a variety of bodily functions such as the healing of wounds, reproduction, growth, and maintenance of glucose tolerance in the body.

  • Chromium arrow_upward

  • Chromium is a trace mineral that is found in very small amounts in the human body.
  • Scientists believe that it helps insulin bring glucose into the cells for energy, performing an important metabolic task.
  • Because of this, many researchers believe that chromium can be helpful in reducing blood sugar in cases of Type 2 diabetes.
  • Chromium may also play a part in reducing high blood pressure.

  • Copper arrow_upward

  • Copper is involved in the absorption, storage and metabolism of iron.
  • It is important in the formation of red blood cells and keeps bones, blood vessels, nerves and the immune system healthy.

  • Fluoride arrow_upward

  • Fluorine occurs naturally as the negatively charged ion, fluoride (F-).
  • Fluoride is considered a trace element because only small amounts are present in the body (about 2.6 grams in adults), and because the daily requirement for maintaining dental health is only a few milligrams a day.
  • About 95% of the total body fluoride is found in bones and teeth.

  • Iodine arrow_upward

  • Iodine is needed to make thyroid hormones, which are necessary for maintaining normal metabolism in all cells of the body.
  • Reports suggest that iodine may have a number of important functions in the body unrelated to thyroid function that might help people with a wide variety of conditions; these other uses for iodine are only supported by minimal research.

  • Manganese arrow_upward

  • Manganese is a mineral element that is both nutritionally essential and potentially toxic.
  • Magnesium is needed for bone, protein, making new cells, activating B vitamins, relaxing nerves and muscles, clotting blood, and in energy production.

  • Molybdenum arrow_upward

  • Molybdenum is a very important mineral for regulating the pH balance in the body.
  • For each one tenth of a pH point difference, the oxygen level in the blood may increase or decrease by ten times.
  • This has a direct change on the metabolism and the body's ability to burn fat.
  • If the body doesn't have enough oxygen, the metabolism cannot oxidize enough to burn fat.

  • Thank You from Kimavi arrow_upward

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